There are many varieties of French beans available to hobbyists. A favorite of many who grow them is the dwarf French bean. These beans are smaller than their larger cousins and are prized for their flavor and texture as well. The dwarf has smaller blooms and produces small black seeds. These beans will produce more beans in a shorter amount of time than do the larger variety.
They are most popularly planted to produce black beans, but can be used for other varieties if they are taken care of properly. Growing a dwarf French bean is relatively easy. They are easy to start from seed and yield a nice harvest every year. When starting out, it's best to choose a location with plenty of sunlight so that they will be able to thrive even under shade. Another consideration is their location: do you want them growing in a field or in a container? Both work well, but the former are more successful in the wild.
Most people grow them outdoors and keep them on a trellis system with cages to hang on. The design of the trellis system depends on the size of your beans. The most effective system uses three layers: a layer of mesh wire with a second layer of plastic. The beans are inserted into the first layer, which is moistened slightly. The next layer contains dirt that has been mixed with water, making sure there are no gaps in the mesh. Finally, the beans are inserted into the last layer, which is also moist but not heavily wet.
It's best to keep your dwarf French beans in a warm sunny location and provide some kind of soil structure to support their growth. Although the beans don't like extremely low temperatures, they do prefer to be in an area that is slightly above their moisture level. This is because shade will cause the beans to develop black spots on their leaves.
Don't fertilize French beans too often. Instead, use organic fertilizer every month. Don't combine any kinds of compost with the soil. This can cause toxic fumes that will make you ill. Instead, simply sprinkle a small amount of organic matter onto the beans' surface every month.
Grow the beans in an area that gets at least six hours of sun light. Sunlight is essential for the development of the beans, as it encourages plant growth by producing energy. If the beans start to turn brown, it means that the soil is too dry.
When the beans start to produce, harvest them. You can either pick the bean pods or cut them. Make sure to remove the seeds from the bean pods before picking them up. Keep your dwarf bean seeds dry until you pluck the bean.
Plant the seedlings as soon as possible. The more time you give them, the more time you'll have to wait for the seedlings to grow big and strong. Keep in mind that French beans don't have to be harvested immediately. Wait at least two weeks before harvesting the beans. This ensures that they'll grow to their maximum potential.
Once the beans are plucked, throw the unneeded bean residue away. Leave the soil around the beans alone. Soon the soil will grow back and settle once again. You'll have a perfect garden when you're done.
Grow the seeds indoors. This will ensure that you're getting the most out of your miniature French bean plants. When the beans are ready, move them outdoors to enjoy.
Get your outdoor seedlings in early spring. As the weather warms up, you'll have better growing conditions. Keep the seedlings warm and well-drained. They need lots of sunlight, warmth, and water to survive. If you have the space, set up a small greenhouse for your tiny seedlings.
Now that you know how easy it is to grow dwarf French beans, you can start planting. Remember to follow the directions for each variety carefully. Don't plant more than you can handle. Make sure that you pick the beans that are the right size for your garden. And always be sure that you don't over-water the seedlings.