Endive Seeds - How to Grow Endive Plants
If you love the taste of fall but want to avoid the heat, consider an excellent choice: Endive seeds. This perennial shrub, native to Europe, Asia, and North America, grows up to six feet tall and flowers in the spring. Endive flowers are blue-green and come in a variety of colors, including lavender, yellow, white, and pink. Since Endive flowers are self-supporting, the plants grow higher than they sit and bloom, enabling them to reach the top of trees in full bloom. The flowers are highly pollinated by bees and butterflies, making this a natural choice for gardens with butterfly houses or areas prone to damage from wind.
Although Endive flowers are a perennial, planting them at the right time of year can make them more successful. As low as only $4.25 a package, they are also one of the most forgiving of annual plants. Endive seeds will typically grow well in both Fall and Spring, though a late fall planting is best as cold weather tends to reduce the plant's flavor.
For this reason, Endive flowers make a wonderful crop for a sunny window garden or southern-facing deck, patio, or other area with light shade. Planting time is very similar to that of escarole: Most of the blooms come during the summer months, from early spring through early fall, with the remainder blooming just after the planting season ends. Full sun is very important; Endive seeds may not germinate without at least shaded exposure. In the shade, the majority of the foliage will be green, giving the plant a full spectrum of colors.
It is hardy and survives dry summers and cold winters. It's even said by some experts that it can tolerate drought better than chicory, so in areas where the climate is occasionally dry or has fluctuating temperatures it's a good choice. Endive is an heirloom variety of chicory that prefers full sun exposure, which makes it a good choice for areas that are prone to occasional droughts.
If you're growing endives to replace annuals, the planting should occur in spring. The cleistation period for these varieties of chicory is three weeks, so plan accordingly. Keep in mind that planting time is not only for the blooms themselves; the seedlings themselves should be planted in groups of three or four. This is to ensure that all of the seeds have the opportunity to get to the ground before the weather turns cold. Planting can occur a few weeks after planting the seeds.
Once planted, keep an eye on the endives to see if they are growing towards the light. If they're producing leaves, this indicates that the roots are now nearing the ground. Once the endive roots are about two to three inches in length, clip them back so the plant will be covered with soil. If the tops of the roots start to rise, the plant needs more water and you should water them less frequently. Continue to monitor the development of the plants until they reach the desired height for planting.
When the roots of your growing endive plant start to develop, it will start to form a new root system around the center of the stem. If left alone, the sprouts will eventually develop and spread to cover the entire surface of the soil. This can result in compacting of the soil, which can result in root rot. Endive is a hardy, drought-resistant plant that doesn't need much attention when it's in its growing phase. If you want to give your chicon a deeper, bushy appearance, pinch off some of the leaves. Make sure to rinse the soil well.
When planting chimes, it's important to follow the planting instructions outlined in the seed packets. If your planting time is close to the start of spring, you can prune the plants just before their growth starts to appear. Otherwise, you will have an issue with the plants not growing, since they all want to grow at the same time. If you aren't sure what you're doing with your chinos or you're planting in the wrong spot, take a few steps back and check out the instructions again.