How Do Turnip Seeds Grow Best?
Turnip plants, native to Asia, Europe and North America, are widely cultivated for their edible seeds. These aromatic, small-green plants are cultivated as ornamental garden plants, for both decoration and for their edible shoots. Their flat, bushy leaves make them ideal for landscaping and roadside grubbing. The fleshy, gray-green leaves add to their popularity as a vegetable. The edible part of the turnip, called rhizome, is a popular ingredient in Chinese, Japanese and Indian cuisine. The small, dark green roots, also known as rhizomes, contain a flavor that is pleasant but not sweet.
In northern regions, sow direct-sown non-GMO seven turnip seeds in late summer or early fall, when the soil is easily workable. In southern regions with hot, dry summers, you could plant turnip seeds just before the leaves emerge in late fall or let the plants to overwinter in the late autumn. In most cases, turnips tend to grow best in cool-season climates ranging from 40 75 degrees Fahrenheit. They are best planted in thick, well-drained soil with a neutral pH. They need well-drained, rich soil with lots of moisture.
Planting date is not crucial as long as seedlings are set in the right location and the weather is on your side. It does not matter if the seeds are sown during the summer or late fall but do ensure that the area is well-drained and the soil has time to settle. You could also go for container gardening and let the Turnip plants settle on a hard surface. However, the soil should be well-drained.
Do not be anxious about the timing because there is nothing to lose by trying out different varieties in the early days. While some varieties tend to produce good harvests in just a few years, others take many years to bear fruit. The earlier you plant and harvest the Turnip, the more chances of it becoming established and getting good harvests. Some of the common varieties are Cashmere, Golden Fleece, Parma, Red Turnip, Royal Turnip, Butterfly Turnip and English Cottage White Turnip. You can get details about various varieties of turnips and their optimal planting and harvesting seasons from seeds catalogues available online.
Some of the necessary conditions for successful growing of turnip seeds are fertile soil, adequate number of flowers for flower bed, ample amount of water and cool temperatures during the season of good harvest. If you keep all these factors in mind, you would be able to grow fast growing varieties like Parma Turnip and Butterfly Turnip easily. However, if the soil and the climate are not suitable for successful growing of turnip seeds, then do not expect any results.
Some of the common diseases that can affect turnip plants include blight, blue blight, Dutch Elm Disease and Aphids. If you are lucky enough to have a garden with a healthy balance of soil, topsoil and compost, blight and blue blight will not affect your turnips. Aphids, on the other hand, can destroy your whole crop if they infest the seedling. If you are growing Parma turnips, you need to remove the aphids before you start with the harvest. The problem is that some of the pombeeds remain attached to the leaves and branches of the turnip. So, the aphid eat up the entire turnip in a very short time.
Many people prefer to harvest late summer to late fall so as to avoid the heat waves in the fall. In most of the northern states, it is not possible to harvest the turnips grown in late summer or the early fall. You need to wait until the harvest season starts in late spring or in early fall. In some places like North Carolina, there are harvests all through the year.
When you are ready to plant your turnip seeds, be sure to dig the holes about a foot deep. After the root ball is fully developed, spread some fertilizer (one-half cup of fertilizer to six inches of turnip roots) and keep the soil moist. Water the soil only when the soil becomes dry. The roots will absorb the water and will continue to grow.