Endive is a perennial flowering plant found in Europe and Asia. Though Endive flowers in fall are readily available, planting for blooms in spring is best if you want an early bloom. Though Endive flowers will grow well in both Fall and Spring, a late planting is best as frost improves both the flavor and the color of the plant. Endive flowers are ideal candidates for container gardening. These easy to grow flowers are very appropriate for indoor gardens because they are drought resistant and hardy. In addition, their flowers attract bees and butterflies, making them enjoyable to look at.
Growing an indoor garden of endive is not that hard, but you need to plant the flowers in spring before the cold months set in. If your planting date is during the fall season, you should dig out all of the existing roots and keep them until the following spring when you can begin preparing the soil for planting new seeds. If you do not dig out the roots of the plants you can use a plastic bag to keep the roots warm until the cold weather sets in. Once you have dug the hole for planting the Endive flowers, the next step is to make a deep hole with a length of string inside. After you have tied in the string, place the plastic bag over the roots and gently let the Endive seeds drop through the bag into the hole.
When the seeds reach the proper temperature they will burst open and make way for new flowers. Since the blooms do not have the chance to dry out fully before bursting, you will notice that there is some swelling around the edges of the flower buds when they first open. This is perfectly normal and once the seedlings start to grow you will not see any sign of swelling.
Before the flowering begins, you should water the plants daily and remove any fallen leaves or other dead matter on the ground before you even start thinking about replanting the Endive seeds. During the summer months it is best to mulch the plants and create a heat sheltered environment for them. You can find mulch at any garden center and it is very easy to apply. For the best results apply mulch several inches deep which will help to conserve the moisture in the soil and also shade the roots from direct sunlight. The Endive flowers will thrive in a sunny garden especially during early Spring.
In early spring you should check the condition of the root ball by removing any decaying matter on the surface and look closely at the root system. If you notice any cracking on the surface you can immediately remove the dead root ball and replace it with a new one. If the flowers are still appearing lifeless after you have removed the dead plant, you may need to wait until the bloom period is over and replant them. There is no set time for planting Endive flowers so you can plant them as soon as you can. The timing for planting depends on how much sun exposure the flowers will get during the season.
To ensure an even planting and to get the most benefit from your Endive plants you should divide them while they are still dormant. Place the divisions in small pots so that they receive the full amount of water they require. Keep them in the pots and move them every few days to ensure that the roots receive the moisture they need. Make sure the soil is well drained before you plant the seeds. If you live in an area that has hard water, you may need to do a further depth of mixing the soil with water to break it down.
If you are lucky enough to have growing conditions that include both warm and dry weather your plants should flower on or before the beginning of May. If your planting zone does not offer ideal growing conditions for your plants may flower later or not at all. To provide your plants with the best chance of flowering on time you will need to fertilize them before the flowering season begins. Talk to your local garden center for information on when the garden centers next sales will be. If you live in a part of the world where spring and fall are different seasons talk to a local nursery to see what they offer in terms of fertilizers for your specific plants. The sales staff will be able to tell you specifically what you need to fertilize your plants for flowering in the springtime and for flowering in the fall.
One of the best ways to ensure that your plants flower on time is to grow them in pots rather than in the ground. Growing plants in pots allows you more control over the moisture levels, temperature and humidity of the plants. Pots are also better for the health of your plants as they are less likely to have insects damaging them. Some plants flowering in the spring may still need some additional feeding but there is a chance that this will be provided by your local nursery. You can also feed your plants with natural beeswax, which is very beneficial for the health of your plants.