Runners bean is a member of the cucumber family and they are popular for their firm texture, tangy taste and of course their beautiful seed. They are cultivated mainly in Mexico, Central America and Haiti. Here are some interesting facts about Phaseolus Coccineus:
They are very nutritious, great and healthy to consume: Have distinct strong flavor and edible young pods. Harvest old pods and eat the young pods after cooking. It has a mildly nutty flavor. You can easily eat the fresh flowers when young, or harvest seeds from young pods to cook later.
They are easy to grow: This low growing seed has medium blossom to follow its life cycle. It can be easily stored in dry conditions for up to 3 years. The plant starts developing new runners when the beans ripen to about an inch long. They are very easy to pick and use for salads and soups. Runners bean seeds can also be used to make a delicious spicy salsa or delicious breakfast food like pancakes.
They bloom during late summer. The flower buds have large and white flowers that are followed by red berries. The runner beans seeds can be harvested as the plant blooms; the flower buds and berries are available at full sun.
They are easy to grow: The plant can tolerate full sun. The plant can grow to a height of about six feet. When the plant reaches the mature height it will require continuous pruning to maintain its proper growth. Pruning will help to maintain the plants fragrance. Once the plant reaches the required height it will need to be protected from extreme temperatures and should be contained in a greenhouse.
If you want to plant seeds outside they need to be planted in pots on soil that is well drained. Plant them in partial shade to encourage more germination. If you are not sure if the beans will produce beans that will grow tall enough to support a trellis then you could try growing them indoors. The pots should be large enough to allow good root growth. The pots can be kept in a sunny window to give them ample light. Once they start to sprout new young pods you can move them to their permanent location outdoors.
The flowers will start to bloom in late summer with yellow and white flowers. As the plants mature they turn darker shades of red into maroon. Once the pods have burst open the flowers will provide a beautiful colorful display for the gardener. The seeds will need to be sowed under a tree or bush so they can receive all the sunlight they need. The flowers will bloom for up to seven weeks before the beans become scarcer. The beans will stay fresh until fall which means you won't be able to use them for cooking until the spring.
It is possible to grow this bean for one year if it is seeded in the fall with three inches deep. At the end of the growing phase the plant will turn brown and die as the tall mature flowers drop down. This is the final phase of the seeds life cycle and one you will enjoy for a long time to come.
The seed pod will continue to produce seeds throughout the season for use in the next year. During the winter season the heirloom seeds will return to the earth to germinate. This is also the time to make the bean pliable enough to shape. Once the seeds are fully formed they can be stored for planting the following year. The beans will keep for a minimum of three years before they must be harvested.
You can find heirloom seeds in various locations including online garden stores and local nurseries. There are many advantages to planting non-gmo seeds. One benefit is that you can avoid chemicals during the growing process. This will help you to reduce your carbon footprint. Many consumers are concerned about the effect chemicals have on their health and because they are grown in an area where they might be exposed to pesticides and herbicides there are safety concerns too.
There are several varieties of runner bean but they all produce a black seed pod. The seeds produced come in red, orange and yellow colors. They are very hardy and can withstand adverse weather conditions. These plants will grow in all types of soil conditions from clay to sand to rocky terrain. In addition to producing beautiful flowers and fruits they are an excellent source of fiber.